Getting a Driving Licence in Quebec

Information on driving permits in Montreal, details on applying for a learner's licence and registering for a driving test...

In Québec, a Class 5 (passenger vehicle) licence is required to drive a vehicle of less than 4,500 Kg.

The minimum age for holding a Class 5 passenger vehicle licence in Québec is 16 years old. Below is an outline of the procedures required to obtain a licence for the first time.

Licence Applications

The first step is to register for the mandatory driving course with a driving school recognized by the Association Québécoise du Transports et des Routes (website in French). This course includes both the theory and practical modules. New residents must make an appointment by telephone before registering for a driving course, Tel: 514 954 7771.

A theory course must be successfully completed before applying for the learner's licence at a Société de l'assurance automobile du Québec (SAAQ) service centre.

Learner Licences

The learner licence must be held for a minimum of 12 months, during which time the driver must be accompanied at all times by a fully licensed driver. The driver is also prohibited from driving after drinking any alcohol. Once the learner licence has been held for at least 10 months it is possible to take the knowledge test at an SAAQ service center. If the knowledge test is failed then the applicant must wait at least 28 days before retaking the test.

The next stage is to pass the road test. This can be taken once the learner licence has been held for at least 12 months, the driver has passed the knowledge test and successfully completed the driving course. If the road test is failed then the applicant must wait at least 28 days before taking the test again.

Once the road test has been successfully passed, the applicant can obtain a probationary licence. This is a restricted licence allowing the candidate to drive with the following restrictions:

  • The driver must not drive after consuming alcohol
  • The driver must not serve as an accompanying driver for another learner driver
  • If four demerits points are entered on the driver's record, the licence is revoked for a minimum of three months

After holding the probationary licence for a period of 24 months, the applicant can obtain a full Class 5 driver's licence.

  • For comprehensive information about obtaining the Class 5 driving licence, along with rules and regulations: Click here (PDF)
  • For other driving licence information and to make appointments with the SAAQ: Click here

Public Automobile Insurance Plan

The Class 5 driving licence must be paid for by the holder on obtaining the licence and then every year on his or her birthday. This payment is a premium for the public automobile insurance plan.

All residents of Québec qualify for the protection offered by this plan regardless of where the accident occurs in the world. Compensation is provided for injury and for some other costs resulting from any accident involving a motor vehicle, even if that person was not actually in a vehicle at the time (for example a pedestrian, cyclist or motorcyclist).

  • For more information on the public automobile insurance plan and details on how to make a claim: Click here

Motorcyclists

To obtain a motorcycle licence in Québec, the Québec Motorcycle knowledge test and also the practical test must be taken. However, it may not be necessary to complete the full training and probationary licence process, depending on the type of current licence held.

For new motorcyclists the training process schedule is similar to that of the Class 5 (passenger vehicle) licence.

  • For full details on the Motorcycle training course and exam process: Click here (PDF)
  • For information on the different types of motorcycle licence and their requirements: Click here
  • For information on all the other types of driving licences in Québec: Click here

Driving Instructors